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Mary  Cassatt was born on may 22

The  Child's Bath - 1893

Mary  Stevenson Cassat (1844–1926) ─ an American painter and printmaker ─  was born,  in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, where she enrolled at the Pennsylvania Academy  of the Fine Arts at age 16.

In  1866, she moved to Paris, which was to be her home for the rest of her life.  She  studied and painted in relative obscurity until 1868, when one of her  portraits was selected at the prestigious Paris Salon, an annual exhibition run  by the French government.

In  1870, the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, forced Mary to return home.   There, she was contacted by the archbishop of Pittsburgh who wanted to  commission her to paint copies of two works by the Italian master Correggio.  Cassatt left immediately for Europe, where the originals were, on display in  Parma, Italy. With the money she earned from the commission, she was able to  resume her career in Europe.

In  1877, she befriended many Impressionist painters, and exhibited her works  alongside theirs. She is the only American artist to accomplish such a feat. She   was greatly influenced by  Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, and especially Edgar  Degas. She was one of the leading impressionists artists of the latter part of  the 1800s.
Cassatt  created images with a particular emphasis on the intimate bonds between mothers  and child. Her portrayals of the human figures and their interactions were  markedly different from her male counterparts. In 1893, she painted  The Child's Bath which, with its then unorthodox  composition, is considered one of her masterworks.

Cassatt  utilized new techniques like cropped figures, bold outlines, and 2-D  perspective, most likely derived from her passion for Japanese woodblock prints  that was sparked after she saw Japanese woodcuts at the Beaux-Arts Academy in  Paris during an exhibition.

Cassatt  was a feminist from a young age. She was an activist and supported women’s  suffrage. In 1915, eighteen of her works were shown in an exhibition supporting  the movement organised by Louisine Havemeyer, a stalwart, active feminist.

After  1910, her increasingly poor eyesight, the result of her diabetes, virtually put  an end to her serious painting. On June 14,1926 Mary died at Château de  Beaufresne, near Paris,

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Paintings of Mary Cassatt

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